In Defense of Grid Features for Visual Question Answering

Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)


Popularized as ‘bottom-up’ attention, bounding box (or region) based visual features have recently surpassed vanilla grid-based convolutional features as the de facto standard for vision and language tasks like visual question answering (VQA). However, it is not clear whether the advantages of regions (e.g. better localization) are the key reasons for the success of bottom-up attention. In this paper, we revisit grid features for VQA, and find they can work surprisingly well – running more than an order of magnitude faster with the same accuracy (e.g. if pre-trained in a similar fashion). Through extensive experiments, we verify that this observation holds true across different VQA models, datasets, and generalizes well to other tasks like image captioning. As grid features make the model design and training process much simpler, this enables us to train them end-to-end and also use a more flexible network design. We learn VQA models end-to-end, from pixels directly to answers, and show that strong performance is achievable without using any region annotations in pre-training. We hope our findings help further improve the scientific understanding and the practical application of VQA. Code and features will be made available.

Related Publications

All Publications

An Exploration of Embodied Visual Exploration

Santhosh K. Ramakrishnan, Dinesh Jayaraman, Kristen Grauman

arXiv - August 21, 2020

Audio-Visual Waypoints for Navigation

Changan Chen, Sagnik Majumder, Ziad Al-Halah, Ruohan Gao, Santhosh K. Ramakrishnan, Kristen Grauman

arXiv - August 21, 2020

Robust Market Equilibria with Uncertain Preferences

Riley Murray, Christian Kroer, Alex Peysakhovich, Parikshit Shah

AAAI - February 12, 2020

Weak-Attention Suppression For Transformer Based Speech Recognition

Yangyang Shi, Yongqiang Wang, Chunyang Wu, Christian Fuegen, Frank Zhang, Duc Le, Ching-Feng Yeh, Michael L. Seltzer

Interspeech - October 26, 2020

To help personalize content, tailor and measure ads, and provide a safer experience, we use cookies. By clicking or navigating the site, you agree to allow our collection of information on and off Facebook through cookies. Learn more, including about available controls: Cookies Policy