Research Area
Year Published

623 Results

January 1, 2020

Designing Safe Spaces for Virtual Reality

Ethics in Design and Communication 2020

Virtual Reality (VR) designers accept the ethical responsibilities of removing a user’s entire world and superseding it with a fabricated reality. These unique immersive design challenges are intensified when virtual experiences become public and socially-driven. As female VR designers in 2018, we see an opportunity to fold the language of consent into the design practice of virtual reality—as a means to design safe, accessible, virtual spaces.

By: Michelle Cortese, Andrea Zeller
February 16, 2019

Machine Learning at Facebook: Understanding Inference at the Edge

IEEE International Symposium on High-Performance Computer Architecture (HPCA)

This paper takes a data-driven approach to present the opportunities and design challenges faced by Facebook in order to enable machine learning inference locally on smartphones and other edge platforms.

By: Carole-Jean Wu, David Brooks, Kevin Chen, Douglas Chen, Sy Choudhury, Marat Dukhan, Kim Hazelwood, Eldad Isaac, Yangqing Jia, Bill Jia, Tommer Leyvand, Hao Lu, Yang Lu, Lin Qiao, Brandon Reagen, Joe Spisak, Fei Sun, Andrew Tulloch, Peter Vajda, Xiaodong Wang, Yanghan Wang, Bram Wasti, Yiming Wu, Ran Xian, Sungjoo Yoo, Peizhao Zhang
January 28, 2019

Combined Reinforcement Learning via Abstract Representations

AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI)

In the quest for efficient and robust reinforcement learning methods, both model-free and model-based approaches offer advantages. In this paper we propose a new way of explicitly bridging both approaches via a shared low-dimensional learned encoding of the environment, meant to capture summarizing abstractions.

By: Vincent Francois-Lavet, Yoshua Bengio, Doina Precup, Joelle Pineau
January 18, 2019

Spatially Invariant Unsupervised Object Detection with Convolutional Neural Networks

AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI)

There are many reasons to expect an ability to reason in terms of objects to be a crucial skill for any generally intelligent agent. Indeed, recent machine learning literature is replete with examples of the benefits of object-like representations: generalization, transfer to new tasks, and interpretability, among others. However, in order to reason in terms of objects, agents need a way of discovering and detecting objects in the visual world – a task which we call unsupervised object detection.

By: Eric Crawford, Joelle Pineau
January 18, 2019

On-line Adaptative Curriculum Learning for GANs

AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI)

Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) can successfully approximate a probability distribution and produce realistic samples. However, open questions such as sufficient convergence conditions and mode collapse still persist. In this paper, we build on existing work in the area by proposing a novel framework for training the generator against an ensemble of discriminator networks, which can be seen as a one-student/multiple-teachers setting. We formalize this problem within the full-information adversarial bandit framework, where we evaluate the capability of an algorithm to select mixtures of discriminators for providing the generator with feedback during learning.

By: Thang Doan, João Monteiro, Isabela Albuquerque, Bodgan Mazoure, Audrey Durand, Joelle Pineau, R. Devon Hjelm
December 11, 2018

The Costs of Overambitious Seeding of Social Products

International Conference on Complex Networks and their Applications

Product-adoption scenarios are often theoretically modeled as “influence-maximization” (IM) problems, where people influence one another to adopt and the goal is to find a limited set of people to “seed” so as to maximize long-term adoption. In many IM models, if there is no budgetary limit on seeding, the optimal approach involves seeding everybody immediately. Here, we argue that this approach can lead to suboptimal outcomes for “social products” that allow people to communicate with one another.

By: Shankar Iyer, Lada Adamic
December 8, 2018

From Satellite Imagery to Disaster Insights

AI for Social Good Workshop at NeurIPS 2018

The use of satellite imagery has become increasingly popular for disaster monitoring and response. After a disaster, it is important to prioritize rescue operations, disaster response and coordinate relief efforts. These have to be carried out in a fast and efficient manner since resources are often limited in disaster affected areas and it’s extremely important to identify the areas of maximum damage. However, most of the existing disaster mapping efforts are manual which is time-consuming and often leads to erroneous results.

By: Jigar Doshi, Saikat Basu, Guan Pang
December 7, 2018

Bayesian Neural Networks using HackPPL with Application to User Location State Prediction

Bayesian Deep Learning Workshop at NeurIPS 2018

In this study, we present HackPPL as a probabilistic programming language in Facebook’s server-side language, Hack. One of the aims of our language is to support deep probabilistic modeling by providing a flexible interface for composing deep neural networks with encoded uncertainty and a rich inference engine.

By: Beliz Gokkaya, Jessica Ai, Michael Tingley, Yonglong Zhang, Ning Dong, Thomas Jiang, Anitha Kubendran, Aren Kumar
December 7, 2018

Stochastic Gradient Push for Distributed Deep Learning

Systems for Machine Learning Workshop at NeurIPS 2018

Large mini-batch parallel SGD is commonly used for distributed training of deep networks. Approaches that use tightly-coupled exact distributed averaging based on AllReduce are sensitive to slow nodes and high-latency communication. In this work we show the applicability of Stochastic Gradient Push (SGP) for distributed training.

By: Mahmoud Assran, Nicolas Loizou, Nicolas Ballas, Mike Rabbat
December 7, 2018

Rethinking floating point for deep learning

Systems for Machine Learning Workshop at NeurIPS 2018

We improve floating point to be more energy efficient than equivalent bit width integer hardware on a 28 nm ASIC process while retaining accuracy in 8 bits with a novel hybrid log multiply/linear add, Kulisch accumulation and tapered encodings from Gustafson’s posit format.

By: Jeff Johnson