Publication

Generalization through Memorization: Nearest Neighbor Language Models

International Conference on Learning Representations (ICLR)


Abstract

We introduce kNN-LMs, which extend a pre-trained neural language model (LM) by linearly interpolating it with a k-nearest neighbors (kNN) model. The nearest neighbors are computed according to distance in the pre-trained LM embedding space, and can be drawn from any text collection, including the original LM training data. Applying this augmentation to a strong WIKITEXT-103 LM, with neighbors drawn from the original training set, our kNN-LM achieves a new state-of-the-art perplexity of 15.79 – a 2.9 point improvement with no additional training. We also show that this approach has implications for efficiently scaling up to larger training sets and allows for effective domain adaptation, by simply varying the nearest neighbor datastore, again without further training. Qualitatively, the model is particularly helpful in predicting rare patterns, such as factual knowledge. Together, these results strongly suggest that learning similarity between sequences of text is easier than predicting the next word, and that nearest neighbor search is an effective approach for language modeling in the long tail.

Related Publications

All Publications

MICCAI - October 5, 2020

Active MR k-space Sampling with Reinforcement Learning

Luis Pineda, Sumana Basu, Adriana Romero, Roberto Calandra, Michal Drozdzal

Multimodal Video Analysis Workshop at ECCV - August 23, 2020

Audio-Visual Instance Discrimination

Pedro Morgado, Nuno Vasconcelos, Ishan Misra

Interspeech - October 24, 2020

Efficient Wait-k Models for Simultaneous Machine Translation

Maha Elbayad, Laurent Besacier, Jakob Verbeek

ICASSP - May 11, 2019

Unsupervised Polyglot Text-To-Speech

Eliya Nachmani, Lior Wolf

To help personalize content, tailor and measure ads, and provide a safer experience, we use cookies. By clicking or navigating the site, you agree to allow our collection of information on and off Facebook through cookies. Learn more, including about available controls: Cookies Policy