Research Area
Year Published

145 Results

February 16, 2019

Machine Learning at Facebook: Understanding Inference at the Edge

IEEE International Symposium on High-Performance Computer Architecture (HPCA)

This paper takes a data-driven approach to present the opportunities and design challenges faced by Facebook in order to enable machine learning inference locally on smartphones and other edge platforms.

By: Carole-Jean Wu, David Brooks, Kevin Chen, Douglas Chen, Sy Choudhury, Marat Dukhan, Kim Hazelwood, Eldad Isaac, Yangqing Jia, Bill Jia, Tommer Leyvand, Hao Lu, Yang Lu, Lin Qiao, Brandon Reagen, Joe Spisak, Fei Sun, Andrew Tulloch, Peter Vajda, Xiaodong Wang, Yanghan Wang, Bram Wasti, Yiming Wu, Ran Xian, Sungjoo Yoo, Peizhao Zhang

December 14, 2018

PyText: A seamless path from NLP research to production

By: Ahmed Aly, Kushal Lakhotia, Shicong Zhao, Mrinal Mohit, Barlas Oguz, Abhinav Arora, Sonal Gupta, Christopher Dewan, Stef Nelson-Lindall, Rushin Shah

December 7, 2018

Bayesian Neural Networks using HackPPL with Application to User Location State Prediction

Bayesian Deep Learning Workshop at NeurIPS 2018

In this study, we present HackPPL as a probabilistic programming language in Facebook’s server-side language, Hack. One of the aims of our language is to support deep probabilistic modeling by providing a flexible interface for composing deep neural networks with encoded uncertainty and a rich inference engine.

By: Beliz Gokkaya, Jessica Ai, Michael Tingley, Yonglong Zhang, Ning Dong, Thomas Jiang, Anitha Kubendran, Aren Kumar

December 7, 2018

Rethinking floating point for deep learning

Systems for Machine Learning Workshop at NeurIPS 2018

We improve floating point to be more energy efficient than equivalent bit width integer hardware on a 28 nm ASIC process while retaining accuracy in 8 bits with a novel hybrid log multiply/linear add, Kulisch accumulation and tapered encodings from Gustafson’s posit format.

By: Jeff Johnson

December 6, 2018

Fast Approximate Natural Gradient Descent in a Kronecker-factored Eigenbasis

Neural Information Processing Systems (NeurIPS)

Optimization algorithms that leverage gradient covariance information, such as variants of natural gradient descent (Amari, 1998), offer the prospect of yielding more effective descent directions. For models with many parameters, the covariance matrix they are based on becomes gigantic, making them inapplicable in their original form.

By: Thomas George, Cesar Laurent, Xavier Bouthillier, Nicolas Ballas, Pascal Vincent

December 4, 2018

DeepFocus: Learned Image Synthesis for Computational Displays

ACM SIGGRAPH Asia 2018

In this paper, we introduce DeepFocus, a generic, end-to-end convolutional neural network designed to efficiently solve the full range of computational tasks for accommodation-supporting HMDs. This network is demonstrated to accurately synthesize defocus blur, focal stacks, multilayer decompositions, and multiview imagery using only commonly available RGB-D images, enabling real-time, near-correct depictions of retinal blur with a broad set of accommodation-supporting HMDs.

By: Lei Xiao, Anton Kaplanyan, Alexander Fix, Matthew Chapman, Douglas Lanman

December 4, 2018

A2-Nets: Double Attention Networks

Neural Information Processing Systems (NeurIPS)

Learning to capture long-range relations is fundamental to image/video recognition. Existing CNN models generally rely on increasing depth to model such relations which is highly inefficient. In this work, we propose the “double attention block”, a novel component that aggregates and propagates informative global features from the entire spatio-temporal space of input images/videos, enabling subsequent convolution layers to access features from the entire space efficiently.

By: Yunpeng Chen, Yannis Kalantidis, Jianshu Li, Shuicheng Yan, Jiashi Feng

December 3, 2018

Temporal Regularization in Markov Decision Process

Neural Information Processing Systems (NeurIPS)

This paper explores a class of methods for temporal regularization. We formally characterize the bias induced by this technique using Markov chain concepts. We illustrate the various characteristics of temporal regularization via a sequence of simple discrete and continuous MDPs, and show that the technique provides improvement even in high-dimensional Atari games.

By: Pierre Thodoroff, Audrey Durand, Joelle Pineau, Doina Precup

December 3, 2018

Training with Low-precision Embedding Tables

Systems for Machine Learning Workshop at NeurIPS 2018

In this work, we focus on building a system to train continuous embeddings in low precision floating point representation. Specifically, our system performs SGD-style model updates in single precision arithmetics, casts the updated parameters using stochastic rounding and stores the parameters in half-precision floating point.

By: Jian Zhang, Jiyan Yang, Hector Yuen

December 3, 2018

Explore-Exploit: A Framework for Interactive and Online Learning

Systems for Machine Learning Workshop at NeurIPS 2018

We present Explore-Exploit: a framework designed to collect and utilize user feedback in an interactive and online setting that minimizes regressions in end-user experience. This framework provides a suite of online learning operators for various tasks such as personalization ranking, candidate selection and active learning.

By: Honglei Liu, Anuj Kumar, Wenhai Yang, Benoit Dumoulin