October 9, 2017

Labeling And Direction Of Slider Questions

International Journal of Market Research

Using a web survey experiment, this study examines measurement comparability between two radio button questions (fully labelled and endpoint labelled) with slider questions unique to web surveys.

Mingnan Liu
July 24, 2017

Untagging on Social Media: Who Untags, What do they Untag, and Why?

Journal: Computers in Human Behavior

Using de-identified, aggregated behavioral data from Facebook and a survey of 802 people, this paper aims to explore untagging by asking whether untagging occurs similarly to other self-presentation behavior and how people view this strategy.

Jeremy Birnholt, Moira Burke, Annie Steele
May 30, 2017

International Image Sensors Workshop

International Image Sensor Workshop (IISW)

In this paper, we provide examples of some tracking and mapping functions of virtual reality sensors that illustrate the critical requirements and performance metrics. The sensor performance, form factor, power, and data bandwidth are the main challenges in a battery powered, always on VR devices.

Chiao Liu, Michael Hall, Renzo De Nardi, Nicholas Trail, Richard Newcombe
May 6, 2017

Paradigm shift from Human Computer Interaction to Integration

Computer Human Interaction (CHI)

In 1960, JCR Licklider forecast three phases: human- computer interaction, human-computer symbiosis, and ultra-intelligent machines. Human-computer symbiosis or what we call “integration” is already well under way. This SIG will discuss how the CHI community should think about the paradigm shift from interaction to integration as designers, practitioners, researchers, and as a society.

Jonathan T. Grudin, Umer Farooq
April 24, 2017

Connective recovery in social networks after the death of a friend

Nature Human Behavior

Most individuals have few close friends, leading to potential isolation after a friend’s death. Do social networks heal to fill the space left by the loss? We conduct such a study of self-healing and resilience in social networks.

William Hobbs, Moira Burke
April 3, 2017

Understanding Short-term Changes in Online Activity Sessions

World Wide Web (WWW)

Using data from the online social networking site Facebook, we uncover temporal patterns at a much smaller time scale: within individual sessions.

Farshad Kooti, Karthik Subbian, Winter Mason, Lada Adamic, Kristina Lerman
February 22, 2017

Automatic Alt-text: Computer-generated Image Descriptions for Blind Users on a Social Network Service

CSCW

This paper covers the design and deployment of an automatic alt-text (AAT), a system that applies computer vision technology to identify faces, objects, and themes from photos to generate photo alt-text for screen reader users on Facebook.

Jeffrey Wieland, Julie Schiller, Omid Farivar, Shaomei Wu
December 16, 2016

The Paradox of Weak Ties in 55 Countries

Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization

This is the first paper to use a single dataset and methodology to compare the importance of weak ties across countries.

Laura K. Gee, Jason J. Jones, Christopher J. Fariss, Moira Burke, James H. Fowler
October 31, 2016

Online Social Integration is Associated with Reduced Mortality Risk

PNAS

We reference 12 million social media profiles against California Department of Public Health vital records and use longitudinal statistical models to assess whether social media use is associated with longer life.

Moira Burke, William Hobbs, James H. Fowler, Nicholas Christakis
July 27, 2016

The Relationship Between Facebook Use and Well-Being Depends on Communication Type and Tie Strength

Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication

An extensive literature shows that social relationships influence psychological well-being, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We test predictions about online interactions and well-being made by theories of belongingness, relationship maintenance, relational investment, social support, and social comparison.

Moira Burke, Robert Kraut
July 23, 2016

HapticWave: Directional Surface Vibrations using Wave-Field Synthesis

SIGGRAPH 2016

HapticWave is a novel haptic technology that delivers directional haptic sensations generated on a flat surface to the user, without requiring him/her to wear a physical device.

Ravish Mehra, Chris Clock, David Perek, Elia Gatti, Riccardo DeSalvo, Sean Keller
May 7, 2016

Finexus: Tracking Fingertips Using Four Magnetometers

CHI 2016

We built a system to magnetically track the fingertips in order to bring hands into VR. It works by instrumenting electromagnets at the tips of the finger; the system is able to track the delicate movements in real time using only four magnetic sensors.

Ke-Yu Chen, Shwetak Patel, Sean Keller
May 7, 2016

Legacy Contact: Designing and Implementing Stewardship at Facebook

CHI 2016

In this paper we describe Legacy Contact, a new feature that better supports people coping with the death of a loved one on Facebook while giving people more control over what happens to their Facebook account in the future.

Jed R. Brubaker, Vanessa Callison-Burch
May 7, 2016

Changes in Engagement Before and After Posting to Facebook

CHI 2016

We are interested in the ways in which posting content changes individuals’ engagement with Facebook. The study augments previous knowledge about uses and gratifications from posting on social network sites by focusing on short-term activity of contributors.

Nir Grinberg, Alex Dow, Lada Adamic, Mor Naaman
February 27, 2016

How Blind People Interact with Visual Content on Social Networking Services

Computer-Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing

In this paper, we explore blind people’s motivations, challenges, interactions, and experiences with visual content on Social Networking Services (SNSs). We present findings from an interview study of 11 individuals and a survey study of 60 individuals, all with little to no functional vision.

Violeta Voykinska, Shiri Azenkot, Shaomei Wu, Gilly Leshed
February 27, 2016

What’s in a Like? Attitudes and Behaviors Around Receiving Likes on Facebook

Computer-Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing

What social value do Likes on Facebook hold? This research examines people’s attitudes and behaviors related to receiving one-click feedback in social media.

Lauren Scissors, Moira Burke, Steve Wengrovitz
February 27, 2016

Modeling Self-Disclosure in Social Networking Sites

ACM CSCW

Social networking sites (SNSs) offer users a platform to build and maintain social connections. Understanding when people feel comfortable sharing information about themselves on SNSs is critical to a good user experience, because self-disclosure helps maintain friendships and increase relationship closeness.

Yi-Chia Wang, Moira Burke, Robert Kraut
February 27, 2016

Once More with Feeling: Supportive Responses to Social Sharing on Facebook

Computer-Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing

Using millions of de-identified Facebook status updates with poster-annotated feelings (e.g., feeling thankful or feeling worried), we examine the magnitude and circumstances in which people share positive or negative feelings and characterize the nature of the responses they receive.

Moira Burke, Mike Develin
January 13, 2016

Social Networks and Labor Markets: How Strong Ties Relate to Job Transmission On Facebook’s Social Network

Journal of Labor Economics

This is an observational study of the social networks of 1.4 million US Facebook users who list an employer in their profile.

Moira Burke
December 1, 2015

Internet Use and Psychological Well-Being: Effects of Activity and Audience

Communications of the ACM

Two lines of research fifteen years apart demonstrate that talking with close friends online is associated with improvements in social support, depression, and other measures of well-being. Talking with strangers and reading about acquaintances are not.

Robert Kraut, Moira Burke