What Makes Training Multi-modal Classification Networks Hard?

Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)


Consider end-to-end training of a multi-modal vs. a unimodal network on a task with multiple input modalities: the multi-modal network receives more information, so it should match or outperform its uni-modal counterpart. In our experiments, however, we observe the opposite: the best uni-modal network often outperforms the multi-modal network. This observation is consistent across different combinations of modalities and on different tasks and benchmarks for video classification.

This paper identifies two main causes for this performance drop: first, multi-modal networks are often prone to overfitting due to their increased capacity. Second, different modalities overfit and generalize at different rates, so training them jointly with a single optimization strategy is sub-optimal. We address these two problems with a technique we call Gradient-Blending, which computes an optimal blending of modalities based on their overfitting behaviors. We demonstrate that Gradient Blending outperforms widely-used baselines for avoiding overfitting and achieves state-of-the-art accuracy on various tasks including human action recognition, ego-centric action recognition, and acoustic event detection.

Related Publications

All Publications

LEEP: A New Measure to Evaluate Transferability of Learned Representations

Cuong V. Nguyen, Tal Hassner, Matthias Seeger, Cedric Archambeau

ICML - July 13, 2020

The Differentiable Cross-Entropy Method

Brandon Amos, Denis Yarats

ICML - July 12, 2020

Stochastic Hamiltonian Gradient Methods for Smooth Games

Nicolas Loizou, Hugo Berard, Alexia Jolicoeur-Martineau, Pascal Vincent, Simon Lacoste-Julien, Ioannis Mitliagkas

ICML - July 12, 2020

To help personalize content, tailor and measure ads, and provide a safer experience, we use cookies. By clicking or navigating the site, you agree to allow our collection of information on and off Facebook through cookies. Learn more, including about available controls: Cookies Policy