Publication

Uncovering Human-to-Human Physical Interactions that Underlie Emotional and Affective Touch Communication

IEEE World Haptics Conference


Abstract

Couples often communicate their emotions, e.g., love or sadness, through physical expressions of touch. Prior efforts have used visual observation to distinguish emotional touch communications by certain gestures tied to one’s hand contact, velocity and position. The work herein describes an automated approach to eliciting the essential features of these gestures. First, a tracking system records the timing and location of contact interactions in 3-D between a toucher’s hand and a receiver’s forearm. Second, data post-processing algorithms extract dependent measures, derived from prior visual observation, tied to the intensity and velocity of the toucher’s hand, as well as areas, durations and parts of the hand in contact. Third, behavioral data were obtained from five couples who sought to convey a variety of emotional word cues. We found that certain combinations of six dependent measures will distinguish the touch communications. For example, a typical sadness expression invokes more contact, evolves more slowly, and impresses less deeply into the forearm than a typical attention expression. Furthermore, cluster analysis indicates 2-5 distinct expression strategies are common per word being communicated. Specifying the essential features of touch communications can guide haptic devices in reproducing naturalistic interactions.

Related Publications

All Publications

ISMAR - July 29, 2021

Instant Visual Odometry Initialization for Mobile AR

Alejo Concha, Michael Burri, Jesus Briales, Christian Forster, Luc Oth

ICSA - November 6, 2019

Auralization systems for simulation of augmented reality experiences in virtual environments

Peter Dodds, Sebastià V. Amengual Garí, W. Owen Brimijoin, Philip W. Robinson

Journal of the Audio Engineering Society - July 20, 2021

Six-Degrees-of-Freedom Parametric Spatial Audio Based on One Monaural Room Impulse Response

Johannes M. Arend, Sebastià V. Amengual Garí, Carl Schissler, Florian Klein, Philip W. Robinson

ACM Transactions on Applied Perception Journal (ACM TAP) - September 16, 2021

Evaluating Grasping Visualizations and Control Modes in a VR Game

Alex Adkins, Lorraine Lin, Aline Normoyle, Ryan Canales, Yuting Ye, Sophie Jörg

To help personalize content, tailor and measure ads, and provide a safer experience, we use cookies. By clicking or navigating the site, you agree to allow our collection of information on and off Facebook through cookies. Learn more, including about available controls: Cookies Policy