Training Hybrid Language Models by Marginalizing over Segmentations

Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL)

By: Edouard Grave, Sainbayar Sukhbaatar, Piotr Bojanowski, Armand Joulin

Abstract

In this paper, we study the problem of hybrid language modeling, that is using models which can predict both characters and larger units such as character ngrams or words. Using such models, multiple potential segmentations usually exist for a given string, for example one using words and one using characters only. Thus, the probability of a string is the sum of the probabilities of all the possible segmentations. Here, we show how it is possible to marginalize over the segmentations efficiently, in order to compute the true probability of a sequence. We apply our technique on three datasets, comprising seven languages, showing improvements over a strong character level language model.