Tight Regret Bounds for Model-Based Reinforcement Learning with Greedy Policies

Neural Information Processing Systems (NeurIPS)

By: Yonathan Efroni, Nadav Merlis, Mohammad Ghavamzadeh, Shie Mannor

Abstract

State-of-the-art efficient model-based Reinforcement Learning (RL) algorithms typically act by iteratively solving empirical models, i.e., by performing full-planning on Markov Decision Processes (MDPs) built by the gathered experience. In this paper, we focus on model-based RL in the finite-state finite-horizon undiscounted MDP setting and establish that exploring with greedy policies – act by 1-step planning – can achieve tight minimax performance in terms of regret, Õ(√HSAT). Thus, full-planning in model-based RL can be avoided altogether without any performance degradation, and, by doing so, the computational complexity decreases by a factor of S. The results are based on a novel analysis of real-time dynamic programming, then extended to model-based RL. Specifically, we generalize existing algorithms that perform full-planning to act by 1-step planning. For these generalizations, we prove regret bounds with the same rate as their full-planning counterparts.