Retrieval-Augmented Generation for Knowledge-Intensive NLP Tasks

Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NeurIPS)


Large pre-trained language models have been shown to store factual knowledge in their parameters, and achieve state-of-the-art results when fine-tuned on downstream NLP tasks. However, their ability to access and precisely manipulate knowledge is still limited, and hence on knowledge-intensive tasks, their performance lags behind task-specific architectures. Additionally, providing provenance for their decisions and updating their world knowledge remain open research problems. Pre-trained models with a differentiable access mechanism to explicit nonparametric memory can overcome this issue, but have so far been only investigated for extractive downstream tasks. We explore a general-purpose fine-tuning recipe for retrieval-augmented generation (RAG) — models which combine pre-trained parametric and non-parametric memory for language generation. We introduce RAG models where the parametric memory is a pre-trained seq2seq model and the non-parametric memory is a dense vector index of Wikipedia, accessed with a pre-trained neural retriever. We compare two RAG formulations, one which conditions on the same retrieved passages across the whole generated sequence, and another which can use different passages per token. We fine-tune and evaluate our models on a wide range of knowledge-intensive NLP tasks and set the state of the art on three open domain QA tasks, outperforming parametric seq2seq models and task-specific retrieve-and-extract architectures. For language generation tasks, we find that RAG models generate more specific, diverse and factual language than a state-of-the-art parametric-only seq2seq baseline.

Related Publications

All Publications

COLING - December 8, 2020

Best Practices for Data-Efficient Modeling in NLG: How to Train Production-Ready Neural Models with Less Data

Ankit Arun, Soumya Batra, Vikas Bhardwaj, Ashwini Challa, Pinar Donmez, Peyman Heidari, Hakan Inan, Shashank Jain, Anuj Kumar, Shawn Mei, Karthik Mohan, Michael White

NeurIPS - December 1, 2020

Continuous Surface Embeddings

Natalia Neverova, David Novotny, Vasil Khalidov, Marc Szafraniec, Patrick Labatut, Andrea Vedaldi

NeurIPS - November 25, 2020

Ridge Rider: Finding Diverse Solutions by Following Eigenvectors of the Hessian

Jack Parker-Holder, Luke Metz, Cinjon Resnick, Hengyuan Hu, Adam Lerer, Alistair Letcher, Alex Peysakhovich, Aldo Pacchiano, Jakob Foerster

NeurIPS - December 7, 2020

Efficient Nonmyopic Bayesian Optimization via One-Shot Multi-Step Trees

Shali Jiang, Daniel Jiang, Max Balandat, Brian Karrer, Jacob R. Gardner, Roman Garnett

To help personalize content, tailor and measure ads, and provide a safer experience, we use cookies. By clicking or navigating the site, you agree to allow our collection of information on and off Facebook through cookies. Learn more, including about available controls: Cookies Policy