ResiliNet: Failure-Resilient Inference in Distributed Neural Networks

International Workshop on Federated Learning for User Privacy and Data Confidentiality (FL-ICML)


Federated Learning aims to train distributed deep models without sharing the raw data with the centralized server. Similarly, in Split Learning, by partitioning a neural network and distributing it across several physical nodes, activations and gradients are exchanged between physical nodes, rather than raw data. Nevertheless, when a neural network is partitioned and distributed among physical nodes, failure of physical nodes causes the failure of the neural units that are placed on those nodes, which results in a significant performance drop. Current approaches focus on resiliency of training in distributed neural networks. However, resiliency of inference in distributed neural networks is less explored. We introduce ResiliNet, a scheme for making inference in distributed neural networks resilient to physical node failures. ResiliNet combines two concepts to provide resiliency: skip hyperconnection, a concept for skipping nodes in distributed neural networks similar to skip connection in resnets, and a novel technique called failout, which is introduced in this paper. Failout simulates physical node failure conditions during training using dropout, and is specifically designed to improve the resiliency of distributed neural networks. The results of the experiments and ablation studies using three datasets confirm the ability of ResiliNet to provide inference resiliency for distributed neural networks.

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