Multimodal Explanations: Justifying Decisions and Pointing to the Evidence

Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)


Deep models that are both effective and explainable are desirable in many settings; prior explainable models have been unimodal, offering either image-based visualization of attention weights or text-based generation of post-hoc justifications. We propose a multimodal approach to explanation, and argue that the two modalities provide complementary explanatory strengths. We collect two new datasets to define and evaluate this task, and propose a novel model which can provide joint textual rationale generation and attention visualization. Our datasets define visual and textual justifications of a classification decision for activity recognition tasks (ACT-X) and for visual question answering tasks (VQA-X). We quantitatively show that training with the textual explanations not only yields better textual justification models, but also better localizes the evidence that supports the decision. We also qualitatively show cases where visual explanation is more insightful than textual explanation, and vice versa, supporting our thesis that multimodal explanation models offer significant benefits over unimodal approaches.

Related Publications

All Publications

An Exploration of Embodied Visual Exploration

Santhosh K. Ramakrishnan, Dinesh Jayaraman, Kristen Grauman

arXiv - August 21, 2020

Audio-Visual Waypoints for Navigation

Changan Chen, Sagnik Majumder, Ziad Al-Halah, Ruohan Gao, Santhosh K. Ramakrishnan, Kristen Grauman

arXiv - August 21, 2020

Robust Market Equilibria with Uncertain Preferences

Riley Murray, Christian Kroer, Alex Peysakhovich, Parikshit Shah

AAAI - February 12, 2020

Weak-Attention Suppression For Transformer Based Speech Recognition

Yangyang Shi, Yongqiang Wang, Chunyang Wu, Christian Fuegen, Frank Zhang, Duc Le, Ching-Feng Yeh, Michael L. Seltzer

Interspeech - October 26, 2020

To help personalize content, tailor and measure ads, and provide a safer experience, we use cookies. By clicking or navigating the site, you agree to allow our collection of information on and off Facebook through cookies. Learn more, including about available controls: Cookies Policy