Deep Spatio-Temporal Random Fields for Efficient Video Segmentation

Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)

By: Siddhartha Chandra, Camille Couprie, Iasonas Kokkinos

Abstract

In this work we introduce a time- and memory-efficient method for structured prediction that couples neuron decisions across both space at time. We show that we are able to perform exact and efficient inference on a densely connected spatio-temporal graph by capitalizing on recent advances on deep Gaussian random fields. We experiment with multiple connectivity patterns in the temporal domain, and present empirical improvements over strong baselines on the tasks of both semantic and instance segmentation of videos. Our proposed approach is (a) efficient, (b) has a unique global minimum, and (c) can be trained end-to-end alongside contemporary deep networks for video understanding. Our implementation is based on the Caffe2 framework and will be made publicly available.