Accurate, Large Minibatch SGD: Training ImageNet in 1 Hour

Data @ Scale


Deep learning thrives with large neural networks and large datasets. However, larger networks and larger datasets result in longer training times that impede research and development progress. Distributed synchronous SGD offers a potential solution to this problem by dividing SGD minibatches over a pool of parallel workers. Yet to make this scheme efficient, the per-worker workload must be large, which implies nontrivial growth in the SGD minibatch size. In this paper, we empirically show that on the ImageNet dataset large minibatches cause optimization difficulties, but when these are addressed the trained networks exhibit good generalization. Specifically, we show no loss of accuracy when training with large minibatch sizes up to 8192 images. To achieve this result, we adopt a linear scaling rule for adjusting learning rates as a function of minibatch size and develop a new warmup scheme that overcomes optimization challenges early in training. With these simple techniques, our Caffe2-based system trains ResNet-50 with a minibatch size of 8192 on 256 GPUs in one hour, while matching small minibatch accuracy. Using commodity hardware, our implementation achieves ∼90% scaling efficiency when moving from 8 to 256 GPUs. This system enables us to train visual recognition models on internet-scale data with high efficiency.

Related Publications

All Publications

Federated Learning for User Privacy and Data Confidentiality Workshop At ICML - July 24, 2021

Federated Learning with Buffered Asynchronous Aggregation

John Nguyen, Kshitiz Malik, Hongyuan Zhan, Ashkan Yousefpour, Michael Rabbat, Mani Malek, Dzmitry Huba

ISMAR - July 29, 2021

Instant Visual Odometry Initialization for Mobile AR

Alejo Concha, Michael Burri, Jesus Briales, Christian Forster, Luc Oth

UAI - July 28, 2021

A Nonmyopic Approach to Cost-Constrained Bayesian Optimization

Eric Hans Lee, David Eriksson, Valerio Perrone, Matthias Seeger

ACM MM - October 20, 2021

EVRNet: Efficient Video Restoration on Edge Devices

Sachin Mehta, Amit Kumar, Fitsum Reda, Varun Nasery, Vikram Mulukutla, Rakesh Ranjan, Vikas Chandra

To help personalize content, tailor and measure ads, and provide a safer experience, we use cookies. By clicking or navigating the site, you agree to allow our collection of information on and off Facebook through cookies. Learn more, including about available controls: Cookies Policy