February 22, 2017

Automatic Alt-text: Computer-generated Image Descriptions for Blind Users on a Social Network Service

CSCW

Paper covers the design and deployment of an automatic alt-text (AAT), a system that applies computer vision technology to identify faces, objects, and themes from photos to generate photo alt-text for screen reader users on Facebook.

Jeffrey Wieland, Julie Schiller, Omid Farivar, Shaomei Wu
February 21, 2017

Discussion quality diffuses in the digital public square

WWW 2017

We present the results of a study on large public Facebook pages where we randomly used two different methods—most recent and social feedback—to order comments on posts.

George Berry, Sean Taylor
December 16, 2016

The Paradox of Weak Ties in 55 Countries

Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization

This is the first paper to use a single dataset and methodology to compare the importance of weak ties across countries.

Laura K. Gee, Jason J. Jones, Christopher J. Fariss, Moira Burke, James H. Fowler
November 8, 2016

Performance Or Capacity

CMG imPACt, Conference by the Computer Measurement Group

We explore the gap between measurement and aggregation approaches used in performance monitoring, which are not always useful for capacity planning, vs approaches used in capacity planning are often meaningless for performance analysis, and discusses ways to reconcile the two tasks.

Alexander Gilgur, Steve Politis
October 31, 2016

Online Social Integration is Associated with Reduced Mortality Risk

PNAS

We reference 12 million social media profiles against California Department of Public Health vital records and use longitudinal statistical models to assess whether social media use is associated with longer life.

Moira Burke, Will Hobbs, James Fowler, Nicholas Christakis
August 13, 2016

Compressing Graphs and Indexes with Recursive Graph Bisection

KDD

Graph reordering is a powerful technique to increase the locality of the representations of graphs, which can be helpful in several applications. We study how the technique can be used to improve compression of graphs and inverted indexes.

Laxman Dhulipala, Igor Kabiljo, Brian Karrer, Giuseppe Ottaviano, Sergey Pupyrev, Alon Shalita
August 12, 2016

Towards Optimal Cardinality Estimation of Unions and Intersections with Sketches

ACM Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining

This paper presents and analyzes two new classes of methods for estimating cardinalities of intersections and unions from sketches.

Daniel Ting
July 27, 2016

The Relationship between Facebook Use and Well-Being Depends on Communication Type and Tie Strength

Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication

An extensive literature shows that social relationships influence psychological well-being, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We test predictions about online interactions and well-being made by theories of belongingness, relationship maintenance, relational investment, social support, and social comparison.

Moira Burke, Robert Kraut
May 22, 2016

The Social Ties of Immigrant Communities in the United States

WEBSCI

In this paper we study the composition of Facebook social networks of people who have moved from one country to another.

Amaç Herdağdelen, Bogdan State, Lada Adamic, Winter Mason
May 17, 2016

Lost in propagation? Unfolding news cycles from the source

ICWSM '16

The news media play an important role in informing the public on current events. Yet it has been difficult to understand the comprehensiveness of news media coverage on an event and how the reactions that the coverage evokes may diverge, because this requires identifying the origin of an event and tracing the information all the way to individuals who consume the news.

Chenhao Tan, Adrien Friggeri, Lada Adamic
May 7, 2016

Changes in Engagement Before and After Posting to Facebook

CHI 2016

We are interested in the ways in which posting content changes individuals’ engagement with Facebook. The study augments previous knowledge about uses and gratifications from posting on social network sites by focusing on short-term activity of contributors.

Nir Grinberg, Alex Dow, Lada Adamic, Mor Naaman
April 11, 2016

Do Cascades Recur?

WWW 2016

Beyond a certain popularity of content, the rate of recurrence drops as cascades start exhausting the population of interested individuals. We reproduce these observed patterns in a simple model of content recurrence simulated on a real social network.

Justin Cheng, Lada Adamic, Jon Kleinberg, Jure Leskovec
April 11, 2016

People and Cookies: Imperfect Treatment Assignment in Online Experiments

WWW 2016

Identifying the same internet user across devices or over time is often infeasible. This presents a problem for online experiments, as it precludes person-level randomization. Randomization must instead be done using imperfect proxies for people, like cookies, email addresses or device identifiers.

Dominic Coey, Michael Bailey
April 11, 2016

Discovery of Topical Authorities in Instagram

WWW 2016

In this paper, we present a novel approach that we call the Authority Learning Framework (ALF) to find topical authorities in Instagram.

Aditya Pal, Amaç Herdağdelen, Sourav Chatterji, Sumit Taank, Deepayan Chakrabarti
March 23, 2016

Social Networks and Housing Markets

SSRN

We document that the recent house price experiences within an individual’s social network affect her perceptions of the attractiveness of property investments, and through this channel have large effects on her housing market activity.

Michael Bailey, Ruiqing Cao, Theresa Kuchler, Johannes Stroebel
March 15, 2016

Social Hash: an Assignment Framework for Optimizing Distributed Systems Operations on Social Networks

USINEX Symposium on Networked Systems Design and Implementation (NSDI 2016)

We describe the social hash framework, which uses graph partitioning techniques to improve the performance of systems within Facebook. We highlight two applications: 1. how routing similar users to the same web cluster improves our cache performance, 2. how co-locating socially similar data on the same host improves the performance of data serving systems.

Alon Shalita, Brian Karrer, Igor Kabiljo, Arun Sharma, Aaron Adcock, Alessandro Presta, Herald Kllapi, Michael Stumm
February 27, 2016

Modeling Self-disclosure in Social Networking Sites

ACM CSCW

Social networking sites (SNSs) offer users a platform to build and maintain social connections. Understanding when people feel comfortable sharing information about themselves on SNSs is critical to a good user experience, because self-disclosure helps maintain friendships and increase relationship closeness.

Yi-Chia Wang, Moira Burke, Robert Kraut
February 27, 2016

How Blind People Interact with Visual Content on Social Networking Services

Computer-Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing

In this paper, we explore blind people’s motivations, challenges, interactions, and experiences with visual content on Social Networking Services (SNSs). We present findings from an interview study of 11 individuals and a survey study of 60 individuals, all with little to no functional vision.

Violeta Voykinska, Shiri Azenkot, Shaomei Wu, Gilly Leshed
February 27, 2016

Once more with feeling: Supportive responses to social sharing on Facebook

Computer-Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing

Using millions of de-identified Facebook status updates with poster-annotated feelings (e.g., feeling thankful or feeling worried), we examine the magnitude and circumstances in which people share positive or negative feelings and characterize the nature of the responses they receive.

Moira Burke, Mike Develin
February 27, 2016

What’s in a Like? Attitudes and behaviors around receiving Likes on Facebook

Computer-Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing

What social value do Likes on Facebook hold? This research examines people’s attitudes and behaviors related to receiving one-click feedback in social media.

Lauren Scissors, Moira Burke, Steve Wengrovitz